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23 Eylül 2020

Who are Rohingya Muslims?

The Rohingya (Arakanese) problem has long been discussed internationally. The Rohingya issue is internationaly a sensitive issue. Because they are the most tortured and persecuted people in the world. The problem is not only national, but also already begun the international crisis in the Rohingya issue. Increasingly, the problem has been puzzling the international community.

Rohingya, a group of people living in the northern part of Rakhine (Arakan) State in western Myanmar. Most of them are Muslim in the belief of religion. Rohingya is one-third of Rakhine state According to Myanmar’s official estimates, about eight million Rohingyas live in Arakan. Rohingya is one of the world’s most oppressed people. The Myanmar government doesn’t recognize the Rohingya population as a citizen of Myanmar. The Myanmar government recognized 135 ethnic minorities as a minority, Rohingya is not included in this list. According to the Myanmar government, the Rohingya are Bangladeshi, who are currently living illegally in Myanmar. Although the history says different. History says, Rohingya has been living in Myanmar for centuries. In the 7th-8th century, the Rohingya population emerged. Initially the emergence of Rohingya people in the mix of Middle Eastern Muslim and local Arakanese Later, this hybrid race emerged as a fullfledged nation in the eighteenth century, composed of people from Chittagong, Rakhaine, Arakanese, Burmese, Bengali, Indian, Middle East, Central Asia and Southeast Asia. From the 15th century to the 18th century, Rohingyas had their own kingdoms in Arakan.

The Myanmar government claims that Rohingyas are Indian, Bengali and Chittagong Settler, whom the British brought to Arakan. Although historically it was established that Rohingya developed as a clean nation in Arakan several centuries before the British came to be Burmese ruler. Rohingyas, denied by the Myanmar government as citizens, are denied access to all types of citizens and basic facilities. It is important to have an identity card for travel, education and treatment in Myanmar. But the Myanmar government does not issue the identity card of Rohingyas, that is why the backward Rohingyas are lagging behind.

Under the land and property law of the Myanmar government, foreigners can not own any property or land. Rohingyas in the eyes of the Myanmar government illegal immigrants and foreigners. So, Rohingyas can not own any land or permanent property. The Myanmar government can take possession of the lands that Rohingyas are currently owning at any given time.

The Myanmar government made Rohingya’s life inherently intolerable by law. Rohingyas can not do government jobs, can not get any services, can not deal with banks, can not avail services of government medical centers, can not apply for utility services (electricity, water, fuel), admission to education centers is Impossible. Almost 80% of Rohingya are illiterate in the real sense. Often news of Rohingya repression is reported by the Myanmar government. Rohingyas were forced to work as forced laborers. Often the local administration and the army have attacked the Rohingya people in different localities.

In the name of acquisition of the city’s beauty, many mosques of Rohingas were destroyed. Among them there were some ancient mosques.

Many Rohingyas have been occupied and closed in the business. The Myanmar government arranged some special accommodation for Rohingya.

From which they can not get out without permission. They live in there like a prison and suffer al ot. Although these gases are available in the medical, education and utility services, it is less in demand than the poor and the lower.

Rohingya have to get the local administration’s permission to marry. Besides, punishable offense for Rohingyas having more than two children. Children of Rohingya families have to live their lives in order to marry without permission from the administration and to have more than two children. They are about forty to fifty thousand. Children of these families are not listed on the government’s ‘gateway system’, which is, like poisoning on boiling their lives.

The Myanmar government, what is doing everything towards the Rohingyas, is a crime against whole humanity.

Not giving citizenship facility to Rohingyas, who have developed in Arakan for more than a thousand years, forced to get out, to be inhu – mane, to be forced to work in forced labor, to discriminate in justice, to share ownership, universal educa – tion, medical, utility services and ba – sic human rights. The Myanmar gov – ernment crossed the last boundary of the country through the Myanmar government.

Communal riots that have been added to the oppression of the My – anmar government is provoking oth – er Buddhist Arakanis including Rakh – ine against Rohingya.

The Myanmar government is giv – ing direct and encouraging Buddhist fundamentalism against communal disputes against Rohingyas.

The Myanmar government needs to remember, militancy, terrorism, well-organized crime, in the midst of the oppressed populace, arise. The persistent Rohingya persecution is pushing them towards extreme ex – tremism, the Myanmar government is pushing for a gradual increase.

Turkey is providing 10,000 tons of aid to help Rohingya Muslims who have fled violence in Myanmar, Pres – ident Recep Tayyip Erdoğan stated on Sept. 6, calling on world leaders to do more to help. Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi and Turkish pres – ident Erdoğan held a phone call to discuss the plight of nearly 150,000 Rohingyas who have fled northwest Myanmar to Bangladesh since vi – olence broke out on Aug 2017. “I spoke with the prime minster of Bangladesh. They opened the doors after our call,” Erdoğan told a meet – ing of his ruling Justice and Develop – ment Party (AKP) in Ankara, adding that the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TİKA) will deliver 10,000 tons of aid after de – livering the initial 1,000 tons. “The second stage is 10,000 tons. Aid will be distributed,” he added. This issue will be a significant agenda point in our United Nation General Assem – bly meetings there,” he said. While noting that some of the footage, pictures and news reports regard – ing the Rohingya “have nothing to do with reality,” Erdoğan said “there is the reality that causes the victim – ization of millions of people.” “We will activate all international mech – anisms in order for the Rohingya Muslims to not become victims of regional calculations,” he said, add – ing that he had spoken on the phone with nearly 30 leaders to find a solution. Çavuşoğlu, meanwhile, said Ankara wants a “lasting solution” for the plight of Rohingya Muslims.

Turkey will also deliver ambulances to Bangladesh to help it cope with the refugee flows, adding that Ankara was determined not to “abandon” Rohingya and said his visit would help determine steps that can be taken to improve their conditions. “Not only the Islamic world, but also the entire international community should be sensitive to the mass killings. Unfortunately we haven’t seen that sensitivity. There is a human tragedy there and it is unfolding in front of the eyes of the whole world,” Çavuşoğlu said. Deputy Prime Minister Hakan Çavuşoğlu said President Erdoğan, who is also the current term president of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), has been discussing the issue with several Muslim leaders to find a solution. Suu Kyi has been accused by Western critics of not speaking out for the minority that has long complained of persecution, and some have called for the Nobel Peace Prize she won in 1991 as a champion of democracy to be revoked.

What Should Be Done By International Organizations And Communities To Solve The Rohingya Problem

  • Send necessary help to Rohingya refugees.
  • To put pressure on Myanmar, so that the Myanmar government gives full citizen hip to Rohingya.
  • Arrange for autonomous regions for Rohingyas in northern Arakan..
  • Holding a complete rehabilitation program for the Rohingyas..
  • HIslamic countries and organizations can take necessary steps to help Rohingya muslims. In this context OIC, Arab League can play effective role.
  • Holding a complete rehabilitation program for the Rohingyas..
  • Islamic countries can create pressure on Myanmar for this issue. Even they can cut diplomatic relationships with Myanmar.
  • Neighbor Muslim countries for example, besides Bangladesh; Indonesia, Malaysia, and Pakistan can play significant role for Rohingya people.
  • Every Muslim countries can create pressure to UN for a stable Arakan state. Powerful Muslim countries should help Rohingyas like Turkey.

Conclusion

The Myanmar government is carrying out inhuman torture and genocide on Rohingyas. Rohingyas are fleeing to Bangladesh due to violence in Rakhaine state According to a statement sent from the United Nations Office on September 9, at least two lakh 90 thousand Rohingyas have come to Bangladesh in the face of torture in Rakhine since 2017. Various sources have found that four lakh Rohingyas are already living in Bangladesh. For this reason, the excessive pressure on the additional population of Bangladesh has become very high. It is not easy for any country to deal with this challenge. Along with the Rohingyas who have taken shelter in Bangladesh, there is a threat to the need of $ 7.7 million dollars soon. It is, of course, already known that international relief agencies, including the United Nations, are planning to take measures to accommodate three lakh refugees until 2018. So, Every country, every nation and human being should come to help Rohingyas to ensure their basic needs. Because every human being has right to live like a human. They should not be discriminated or should not be tortured because of religion, race color or something else. We want live in a peaceful world.

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